Risk of ‘ruptured aneurysm’ may be reduced with certain high blood pressure medications | Sciences-Environment

A class of antihypertensive drugs reduced the risk of aneurysm rupture by 18% in a multicenter study of more than 3,000 people with high blood pressure and brain aneurysms, according to new research from the American Heart Association. RAAS inhibitors. The study was published in the journal, “Hypertension” . An aneurysm is a bulge or weakening in the wall of an artery. When this occurs in an artery of the brain, it is called an intracranial aneurysm. If an intracranial aneurysm ruptures, it spills blood around the brain and cuts off oxygen to an affected area, which can cause hemorrhagic stroke, coma, and death.

These strokes represent 3-5% of all strokes, but a greater proportion of morbidity and mortality than other types of stroke. Each year, about 30,000 adults in the United States have intracranial aneurysms that rupture, according to the National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke. Additionally, stroke is one of the leading causes of disability in the United States. The body’s renin-angiotensin-aldosterone (RAAS) system includes hormones that affect blood pressure regulation, and dysregulation of RAAS can lead to the development of high blood pressure. Two components of RAAS have been shown to be involved in the development of intracranial aneurysms, and previous research has shown that dysregulation of RAAS may also contribute to aneurysm rupture. RAAS inhibitors, drugs that block the effects of the RAAS, are often used to treat high blood pressure.

“About half of patients with intracranial aneurysms have high blood pressure, which can cause vascular inflammation and increase the risk of aneurysm rupture,” said study lead author Qinghai. Huang, MARYLANDPhD, Professor of Neurosurgery at Shanghai Hospital, Second Military Medical University of Shanghai, China. “As one-third of patients with ruptured aneurysm die and another third remain dependent for activities of daily living, there is a need to identify modifiable risk factors to prevent aneurysm rupture. .” This multicenter study analyzed data collected from 2016 to 2021 at 20 medical centers in different regions across Chinacollected before and after rupture, to assess the association between the use of RAAS inhibitors and other blood pressure medications, including beta-blockers and diuretics, on the risk of aneurysm rupture.

Over 3,000 adults with high blood pressure and intracranial aneurysms were included. The study sample was made up of one-third men and two-thirds women, with an average age of 61 years. Participants’ hypertension status was categorized as controlled (normal blood pressure with use of antihypertensive drugs) or uncontrolled (high blood pressure, defined as 140/90 or greater, with use of antihypertensive drugs), and was determined by blood pressure measurements taken at some point, three months before they were hospitalized for an aneurysm. The analysis found that 32% of participants taking RAAS inhibitors had ruptured intracranial aneurysms, compared with 67% of those using non-RAAS inhibitors.

“We were surprised to find that even among people with controlled hypertension, those taking RAAS inhibitors still had a significantly lower risk of rupture than people using non-RAAS inhibitors. Our study highlights that the ‘use of appropriate antihypertensive drugs to achieve normalization of blood pressure can remarkably decrease the risk of aneurysm rupture’, Huang said. “Based on these data, we estimate that nearly 18% of ruptured aneurysms could be prevented if all patients with high blood pressure and intracranial aneurysms were prescribed RAAS inhibitors. Due to the strong potential benefit and of the high safety of RAAS inhibitors, these results could also help clinicians to optimize treatment to help people with high blood pressure prevent aneurysm rupture.”

Using a multivariate model, the researchers calculated that women’s risk of aneurysm rupture was 1.8 times greater than men’s and that the following factors increased the risk of aneurysm rupture: hypertension uncontrolled; exposure to second-hand smoke; and untreated type 2 diabetes. “These results support previous studies indicating that, in addition to blood pressure control, smoking cessation and aggressive treatment for type 2 diabetes may also help reduce the risk of aneurysm rupture,” Huang said. “However, more research is needed to understand how RAAS inhibitors are involved in preventing intracranial aneurysm rupture in adults with high blood pressure.” (ANI)

(This story has not been edited by the Devdiscourse team and is auto-generated from a syndicated feed.)

#Risk #ruptured #aneurysm #reduced #high #blood #pressure #medications #SciencesEnvironment

Leave a Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *